Survivor Reintegration and Secondary Beneficaries

Wherever there is a survivor, there invariably is a community and for many individuals that community is more-often-than-not family. 

“You can kiss your family and friend’s goodbye and put miles between you, but at the same time you carry them with you in your heart, your mind, your stomach, because you do not just live in a world, but a world lives in you.  – Frederick Buechner

In researching this blog, I was looking forward to breaking down the concept of reintegration and being able to more clearly define what this rather blurry concept looks like!  Unfortunately, what I discovered was that the definition of the word ‘reintegration,’ although universally the same, differs in meaning quite significantly from organization to organization, individual to individual and from region to region. In fact, it became apparent that even the perception of reintegration for survivors of trafficking (primary beneficiary’s) differed significantly, not only from mine as a practitioner, but equally significantly from one beneficiary to another.

The goal of any aftercare or human trafficking survivor service program is the successful reintegration of the trafficking survivor. Achieving this goal however, is not quite so easy – while survivors of trafficking face the daunting task of rebuilding their lives, those providing them with this support, encounter an array of other challenges including the needs of secondary beneficiaries, in ensuring that their assistance empowers survivors to live healthy, independent lives.

Reintegration is loosely defined as “the process of economic and social inclusion following a trafficking experience” and it includes:

  •      Settlement in a safe and secure environment,
  •      Access to a reasonable standard of living,
  •      Mental and physical well-being,
  •      Opportunities for personal, social and economic development,
  •      Access to social and emotional support.

Realistically, the process of reintegration is a complex, unpredictable and long-term problem, which is often impacted by:

  • Individual contexts including the management of the physical, psychological and social effects of exploitation.
  • The family, community and cultural context
  • Pre-existing vulnerabilities

Addressing the root causes and impact of trafficking requires a full and diverse package of services for beneficiary’s both from an individual perspective as well as from a collective perspective which would include secondary beneficiaries (family).


“Secondary beneficiaries” fall into three main categories:

  • Children of trafficked parents;
  • Parents of trafficked children and
  • The husband or wife of a trafficked spouse.


“When I ask for help the shelters can help me but not my children – what must I do? Lleave them behind?”

“When I was at home with my parents, we did not have enough to eat and I used to look out on the street and think of the choices I had.  And the street looked like a way to make money”

“I think I will be happy to see my family … I remember with my joy to see my family I am forgetting the many hard things we have live with in my family’s village”

The family environment for a returning trafficking survivor is crucial to the reintegration process.  Unfortunately, it is often overlooked and under-appreciated and situations where families blame unreached social and economic needs and expectations on a returning survivor, or where families refuse to welcome the survivor home, pose a serious stumbling block to a survivor’s healthy reintegration.

In many cases, assisting the family as part of a secondary beneficiaries’ reintegration process is vital in addressing the needs of the primary beneficiary, as well as creating an environment which is conducive for long-term reintegration.  If a beneficiary is anxious or concerned about family who are not being fed, assist the family as this will lessen the beneficiary’s anxiety and assist with better recovery and reintegration.  Alternatively, if a beneficiary is anxious about what could happen to her because of an abusive family dynamic then this too needs to be addressed and looked at and evaluated as to whether it is even a viable environment for reintegration.

Including the family, relatives and communities more systematically in the return and reintegration projects is critical to fostering the sustainability of the process.

Keys to success:

  • A tailor-made approach: Consider designing a program based on the needs of the individual rather than designing a program and then imposing the program upon the beneficiary.
  • Flexibility: Start educating and advising donors and supporters that funding/grants need to be available for any aspect of reintegration work – services, staff, office costs as well as secondary beneficiaries. Such flexibility is invaluable where precise needs and numbers of potential victims are unpredictable and varied.
  • Long-term is key: Adopt a long-term strategy that will achieve comprehensive sustainable reintegration success by addressing the needs of the primary beneficiary along with her secondary beneficiaries.

Secondary beneficiaries matter! Whether good or bad, they play a crucial role in the recovery and reintegration of trafficking survivors and need to be considered when looking at a healthy and holistic reintegration program for primary beneficiary’s.


  • Surtees, Rebecca, Beyond Trafficking. The re/integration of trafficking victims in the Balkans, 2007 to 2014. Final report, Brussels: KBF, Washington DC: NEXUS Institute, 2015
  • Lessons learnt from the CARE and TACT projects. Enhancing the safety and sustainability of the return and reintegration of victims of trafficking, IOM 2015
Peta-Ann Small is Co-Founder and Operations Director of Set Free Foundation in Bulgaria an anti-trafficking organization focused on prevention, reintegration and community transformation. She has a background in education and is passionate about helping people find joy, strength and dignity in Jesus so they can face their future without fear.

How to Write an Article for the Evangelical Focus with Joel Forster

Evangelical focus group

Evangelical Focus is an online news site that reports on what evangelicals are doing around the world as well as dealing with current issues, one of which is human trafficking.  They currently have a readership of over 25,000.

If you would like to submit an article to Evangelical Focus then here is the format you need to follow.


The article should be written in a journalistic style (it can include opinions of others, quotes, etc., but the author should keep an objective point of view when writing). If needed, we will edit the stories to adapt them to this style.

If someone wants to write an opinion article or an analysis on a certain topic, please first contact us so that we can let you know if it the topic and the approach fits in our opinion section.


The text should be 1-3 pages long in a Word document (Times or Calibri size 11).


Attach separately at least 1 picture related to the news article. Stories with 2-3 extra pictures add value to the story, you can send up to 4. Make sure you have permission to publish the pictures you send online. Add a description of every picture and add the author of the picture (it can be a person or the name of your organisation).


The article can include and external link to more information about the project, initiative, ministry, the story is about. No email contacts will be published.


Please send a picture (face) of the author, his/her name, and a short 2-line biography (country, job/ministry).

Submit Your Article.

Articles should be sent to the EFN Core Team or directly to Evangelical Focus.

Example Articles.



Who to Call? European Hotline Numbers

negative spacePhoto Credit: Negative Space

Here’s a list of european anti-trafficking hotline numbers to keep on file:

  • Free anti-trafficking hotline: 116 006
  • Anti- trafficking hotline: +43 1 24836 85383
  • Contact Payoke: +32 3 201 16 90
  • La Strada SOS Hotline: +420 222 71 71 71
  • Human Trafficking Resource Line (operated by the police) National Emergency Number: 1460
  • Hotline number: +357 96 35 46 32 (operated by Freedom Dolls Initiative)
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: +45 70 20 25 50 (Center Against Human Trafficking / Center Mod Menneskehandel)
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: +372 66 07 320
  • Hotline number: +358 71 876 3170
  • Victim Assistance –
  • Anti Trafficking hotline (Ac.Sé): 0 825 009 907
  • Anti-trafficking hotline (Hamburg): +49 176 57 21 65 54
  • Anti-trafficking hotline (Berlin): +49 157 53 33 35 15
  • Police (emergency) 110
  • Violence against women support hotline on 08000 116 016
  • Anti-trafficking helpline Or call 1109.
  • From abroad +30 231- 525149.
  • A21
  • Anti-trafficking hotline : 06 80 20 55 20
  • Crisis Management and Information Hotline: +36 80 20 55 20
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: 1800 25 00 25
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: 800 290 290
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: 80 00 20 12
  • Klaipedasocial and psychological services centre: 88 00 66 366
  • Police Grand-Ducale: +352 49 97 62 10
  • Out of hours contact: Centre d’Intervention National: +352 49 97 23 41
  • Police anti-trafficking hotline: +356 22 94 20 00
  • La Strada: +373 22 23 49 06
  • CoMensha: +31 33 44 81 186
  • Norwegian Police: +47 2800
  • National Centre for Victims of Trafficking: +48 22 628 01 20
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: 800 202 148
  • SOS Imigrante, hotline for all migrant situations: 808 257 257
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: 0800 800 678
  • ANITP – - the national body on anti-trafficking with close connections to police, border control, etc.
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: +381 11 785 0000 or 0800 101 201
  • Slovak Crisis Center DOTYK: +421 903 704 784
  • KLJUČ KEY – Society, Centre for the fight against trafficking in persons: 080 17 22
  • Instituto de la Mujer: 900 191 010, 900 152 152
  • Police (Emergency): 112
  • (Non-Emergency): O91
  • National Support Line: 020 50 50 50
  • Anti-trafficking hotline: +41 79 477 80 97
  • ACT212
  • Free emergency helpline: 157 (within Turkey)
  • International: +90312 157 11 22
  • Modern Slavery Helpline: 0800 0121 700
  • Police (Emergency): 999
  • Salvation Army National Referral System: 0300 3038151
  • Anti trafficking hotline (run by La Strada): +38 044 205 36 95


EFN Vision and Values credit:

Our core team have been busy this year looking at who EFN really are as network.  We spent a lot of time and discussion on this, as well as talking to our partners about what they value most and need from the network.  After much consultation, this is what we’ve come up with and we wanted to share it with you we can all move forward together as we stand against human trafficking and exploitation and stand with those that have survived it’s reach.  

Mission Statement

  • The European Freedom Network exists to help the body of Christ in Europe work together effectively to prevent and combat human trafficking and commercial exploitation of women, men and children and to seek the restoration of its victims.

Vision Statement 

  • We see a world free of human trafficking and exploitation, where every person has the opportunity to live in the freedom that God intends and Jesus gives.

Values Statement 

We unite around the following beliefs and values:

  • Christ Centered – We are a praying Christian community who are convinced that Jesus’ grace and power can bring transformation to individuals and communities.  
  • Collaborative Community – We are better when we join together our thinking, plans, resources and expertise.
  • Excellence – We believe that our focused work and ministry should exemplify good practice and professionalism as well as the heart of Jesus. 
  • Dignity – We treat people with dignity and respect, and recognise each person has the ability and right to lead their own life.  
  • Safety – We seek to be safe people and to keep all people in our care safe and free from exploitation.

What We Do

  • We build capacity in our partners by providing encouragement, advice, resources, training and prayer.
  • We facilitate and encourage co-operation and effective action between our partners.
  • We assist our partners to be a voice capable of addressing the issues of human trafficking and commercial exploitation in public arenas at all levels.
  • We create excellence through lovingly and truthfully holding each other accountable.

A Call to Action: Being a Voice!


Herzwerk is an interdenominational ministry that considers itself a part of the body of Christ. Nine years ago, God spoke to us clearly about people in prostitution who are – as Isaiah 42:22 describes it rather violently – “plundered and looted, all of them trapped in pits or hidden away in prisons.“ This calling was connected at the same time to an outcry of God: “Who will go after them to free them?” We did and we continue to do so until today. God has been guiding us step by step and together with other organizations across the globe we have become part of God’s movement that started going out to bring His light to the darkest places.

It is also a part of our mandate to be a voice for the voiceless. Everywhere in the Bible, God is asking for people whom he can send out. “Who will go out to preach, who will proclaim the Good News to the captives, who will stand in the gap, whom shall I send?” The priest and the Levite, both men of the church, unfortunately passed by and simply ignored the man who was left on the side of the road, robbed and beaten. In Proverbs 31,8 it says: “Speak up for those who cannot speak for themselves, for the rights of all who are destitute. Speak up and judge fairly; defend the rights of the poor and needy.” This command really hit us in our innermost being. It is not a question of choice, if we should become a voice or not, it is a command and it concerns the ones for whom God’s heart is beating and suffering: the oppressed and the exploited.

We believe that the body of Christ carries a responsibility for our society, and is not only able to but also supposed to meet the needs of the people today. We want to go to the root of the problem and step up against any form of injustice. It is in prostitution where this injustice can be seen very clearly. Liberal laws in Austria enable pimps and traffickers to legally bring their victims into our country in order to exploit them, because men in Austria go to prostitutes. Poor living conditions in their countries of origin force these young women to prostitute themselves here. The gap between the wealthy Western countries and Eastern Europe lays the foundation for human trafficking and prostitution in the west – poverty is the driving force together with dysfunctional families, where no sound bonding can take place and abuse is part of everyday life.

As Church, we are called to be light and salt in this world. For this reason, we have become part and co-founder of different political platforms. Herzwerk is member of the EU Civil Society Platform against human trafficking and also co-founder of a platform against human trafficking in Austria. Since last January we have also been members of an initiative to stop the buying of sex that was started by feminists.

Because of our great concern for the church we started another network, the so called “SMS-Network” (“Stop the silence” in German). We are various Austrian organizations that work in different areas that have to do with sexuality. Some of us work directly in areas where sexuality is perverted and has exploitive characteristics, like prostitution, human trafficking, sexual abuse and pornography. Others walk besides people in churches who are in the process of healing. Others work in the area of sexual education and are doing a wonderful service to individuals and couples. We desire that men and women in the Body of Christ stand up for sexual values and the equality and esteem of both women and men. It is our dream to see a movement of men rising up who openly stand up for equal rights for women and girls, who raise their voices against any form of violence, and who say “yes” to a world without prostitution. Some of our group work towards ending violence, perversion and the contempt against women. These areas include sexual abuse, pornography, human trafficking and forced prostitution.

There is a strong pro-prostitution lobby in countries with liberal prostitution laws. This is why we published a paper concerning the context in which human trafficking and prostitution take place. Our arguments are based on our experience in working with people affected by forced prostitution and trafficking. These people mostly come out of very vulnerable situations including abuse and dysfunctional family backgrounds. None of the pro-prostitution activists can argue against these facts stated in our paper. In countries where prostitution is illegal, such as the Eastern European countries, it is essential to raise the awareness of politicians and the police concerning the background of people in prostitution. Once they have a better understanding, they might understand why these people should not be criminalized any longer.

So we want to encourage every one of you to take up the challenge and look for opportunities where God might want to use you to be HIS VOICE!

Giving EFN a voice

If you are already speaking up into society, media or politics about issues of exploitation, or if you would like to do so, we would love you to join the EFN Voice team.

  • We can learn from one another about effective influencing.
  • We can share or collaborate on good evidence and arguments.
  • We can help more EFN partners to be able to influence well.
  • We can inspire the Church to pray strategically and to take action.
  • We can even coordinate campaigning sometimes across Europe or to international political bodies.

If you are interested, please email Sabine,  or Julia,


About the authorSabine works at Herzwerk in Austria. The very name of our organisation Herzwerk – “Heart Factory” expresses the passion that underlies our work. We are motivated by God’s heart, which beats for the victims of injustice. God is just and desires what is best for every individual. Heart Factory is an initiative for people in prostitution. All people are equal before God. His love is boundless and He is without prejudice. God sees the heart of every person. Heart Factory’s work is characterised by its competence and love for others.